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That's the new electricity rates (2021) from June 1

That's the new electricity rates (2021) from June 1

That's the new electricity rates (2021) from June 1


Rates Sector Bills 6


Next Tuesday, June 1, Royal Decree-Law 2/2019 and Circular 3/2020 of the National Markets and Competition Commission (CNMC) come into force.

By which, new rates for access to the electricity market are applied that the price of electricity will vary and will affect all consumers. In this article we will break down these new measures in order to understand them and help adapt the situation of each consumer.

First of all, to understand how the electricity bill will change as of next week, let's know in what concepts it is broken down and where the final price comes from:

  1. Cost of energy
  2. Regulated costs, which include access fees, those affected by the new regulation
  3. Margin of business of the marketers
  4. Custom equipment rental
  5. Taxes

With the new regulations, these access fees are divided into two concepts:

  • Tolls. They are regulated prices that are intended to recover the costs of transport and distribution of energy and are determined by the CNMC.
  • Charges. Intended to cover regulated costs and determined by the Spanish government.

This has direct effects both for low voltage consumers (up to 15kW), and for those who have high voltage (more than 15kW). Let's see how.

Low voltage (up to 15kW contracted)

The most significant novelty is that all consumers will have a differentiated price based on time zones. The new model contemplates the unification of all toll models (2.0 A, 2.0 DHA, 2.0 DHS, 2.1 A, 2.1 DHA and 2.1 DHS) into one (2.0TD). This causes all users to pay the same toll price, as there will only be one. For those who did not have time discrimination, the price of tolls and charges will be reduced by 3.4%, while for those who did, the bill will increase by € 24 per year.

The new model entails the passage to 2 power periods and 3 energy periods, plus the disappearance of the current hourly discrimination and the incorporation of a new one in which the price will vary based on 3 different time sections that affect both terms.

Power term

While until now there was only one option, the new scenario contemplates 2 periods in which consumers will be able to select the same power for the whole day or, if they prefer, they can contract different powers for each period, which are:

  • Peak power: includes from 8:00 to 00h.
  • Valley power: includes from 00 to 8h, in addition to all weekends and national holidays of the year and January 6. In this period the power will be much cheaper.

Descripción: Gráfico del término potencia de la tarifa 2.0TD de las tarifas eléctricas 2021

Lumiadvice: hire a higher power in off-peak hours (as it is cheaper) or, if you are lucky enough to have an electric vehicle, charge it at night.

Energy term

The new model displaces the current one in which there is an optional discrimination in two different periods: summer and winter. From now on, a distinction will be made between 3 periods of mandatory discrimination:

  • Peak (P1): includes from 10 a.m. to 2 p.m. and 6 p.m. to 10 p.m., from Monday to Friday, excluding holidays. Here we find the most expensive price of energy and there will be more than 40 hours of this type a week.
  • Flat (P2): 8 a.m. to 10 a.m., 2 p.m. to 6 p.m. and 10 p.m. to midnight.
  • Valley (P3): includes from 00 to 8h plus weekends and national holidays of the year and January 6. Energy will reach the cheapest point in this period and we will enjoy more than 88 hours of this type a week.

Description: Graph of the energy term of the 2.0TD tariff of the electricity tariffs 2021

Lumiadvice: the periods P1 and P2 in the energy term coincide with the peak period in the power; the period P3 in the energy term, with the valley period in the power. Match them to reduce spending on your bill.

Low voltage (more than 15kW contracted)

With the new electricity tariff model, we leave behind the price differentiation in 3 periods and move on to talking about 6 periods, in terms of power and energy, which comprise the same peak, flat and valley model as low voltage. It changes the name of the tariff from 3.0A (contracted power greater than 15kW) to 3.0TD, but the most relevant thing is the division of the year into 4 periods in which the prices will be determined by the month in question.

  • High season, includes the working days of January, February, July and December:
    • Peak (P1): from 9 a.m. to 2 p.m. and from 6 p.m. to 10 p.m.
    • Flat (P2): from 8am to 9am, from 2pm to 6pm and from 10pm to midnight
    • Valley (P6): from 00 to 8h

Description: Graph of the high voltage option in low season with electricity rates 2021

  • Mid-high season, includes the working days of March and November:
    • Peak (P2): from 9 a.m. to 2 p.m. and from 6 p.m. to 10 p.m.
    • Flat (P3): from 8am to 9am, from 2pm to 6pm and from 10pm to midnight
    • Valley (P6): from 00 to 8h

Description: Graph of the low voltage option in medium-high season with electricity rates 2021

  • Mid-low season, includes the working days of June, August and September:
    • Peak (P3): from 9 a.m. to 2 p.m. and from 6 p.m. to 10 p.m.
    • Flat (P4): from 8am to 9am, from 2pm to 6pm and from 10pm to midnight
    • Valley (P6): from 00 to 8h

Graph of the low voltage option in medium-low season with electricity rates 2021

  • Low season, includes the working days of April, May and October:
    • Peak (P4): from 9 a.m. to 2 p.m. and from 6 p.m. to 10 p.m.
    • Flat (P5): from 8am to 9am, from 2pm to 6pm and from 10pm to midnight
    • Valley (P6): from 00 to 8h

Description: Graph of the low voltage option in low season with electricity rates 2021

*Weekends and national holidays, including January 6: they will enjoy the valley section 24 hours a day of any month of the year, so electricity will be cheaper at that time. It should be noted that about 53% of the off-peak hours of the year are compressed these days and increase by almost 2000 compared to the model we left behind.

The summary graph of everything explained for high power would look like this:

Description: Summary graph of the low voltage option of electricity rates 2021

As consumers you do not have to worry because they are changes that are applied automatically, although from Lumisa we have issued an invoice with a billing period until the 31st of this month in order to correctly apply these new measures. We remind you that the new rates can be consulted, with application from June 1, 2021, on our website and in the Pricing Policy section.

It should be remembered that 2 power changes can be made completely free of charge until May 31, 2022, as long as it does not require a technician to travel to the supply point and regardless of whether a change had already been made during the previous year.

But, and this ... Why?

Once the changes that will affect you, our esteemed clients, have been reviewed, a question arises for nothing less. What are these changes for?

The CNMC explains that it is done to simplify the bill and "prioritize those aspects that help customers to be increasingly efficient in their electricity consumption" so that they have an important influence on decarbonization, in favor of a low emission economy ; encourage the change of schedules in the consumption of the network to avoid unnecessary tensions, with gestures such as the use of electrical appliances in a distributed manner throughout the day; facilitate charging of electric vehicles (at night); and increasing the use of electricity over that of fossil fuels.

Finally, from Lumisa we want to give you some recommendations to continue saving on your electricity bill:

  • Adjust the contracted power to what you really need
  • Do not use the network simultaneously to save between € 200 and € 300 a year
  • If you have to consume, try to be outside the peak sections
  • Take a look at the efficiency of the new appliances you buy (which also changes, by the way) and the efficiency of the buildings, if you're thinking of moving.

To learn more tips like these, visit the Energy Guide website provided by the Ministry of Ecological Transition and the Demographic Challenge, together with IDAE.

If what you want is to answer a specific question, find out if it is in the FAQs document of the CNMC.

Sources:


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